Tourism in Sudan
Sudan is abundant with many tourism ingredients and various types, due to the diversity of its geographical, historical and cultural environments. In the north there are traces of ancient Nubian kingdoms that are considered the cradle of human civilization, where the pyramids and pharaonic temples, and in the east where the waves of the Red Sea water collide with the Sudanese mainland, there are unique coral islands that are home to colorful fish and a paradise for diving enthusiasts in the waters of the seas, and in the west the sandy desert extends endlessly And volcanic peaks fade in an atmosphere similar to the atmosphere of the Mediterranean Sea. Moreover, there is cultural tourism represented by the activities of the various tribes and ethnicities and the musical models and traditional costumes they offer.
Historical tourist monuments: - There are historical monuments in Sudan that reflect the different civilizations that have passed through the country, starting with the security of the effects of Nubia in the north, the effects of the Fur Sultanate in the west and the Fung in the center, then the colonial and Mahdian monuments throughout the Sudan.
Pyramids and the effects of Nubia: - There are about 220 pyramids in Sudan, which is more Egyptian pyramids. It is located in the northern state and is 500 km from Khartoum, and it is one of the oldest pyramids in the Nile Valley that was erected by the Kushite rulers. In addition to the pyramids, there are several ancient temples, including the lion temple of Apadmac, the Temple of Amun and the Roman kiosk, all located in the city of Naqaa in addition to the area of yellow pictorials and some ancient Nubian monuments.
Sawaken effects: -
Kitchener's Gate in Suakin
An ancient historical city in eastern Sudan on the Red Sea coast, it was built on an atoll and surrounded by a wall with five gates. Its ancient buildings are characterized by beautiful decorations and reliefs. Two miles away, there are eight ancient watchtowers. It was visited by many Arab travelers such as Ibn Battuta and the Europeans as Samuel Baker, as well as a number of leaders and leaders, including the Khedive of Egypt Abbas Hilmi II, and Lord Allenby.
Natural tourist areas: - There are many rivers flowing in Sudan, the Nile, the White and Blue Nile, and the seasonal rivers, which have provided Sudan with stunning natural scenery that can be concentrated in:
The shores of the Red Sea: - Which is characterized by the purity of the water, free from marine pollution and its transparency, and currently attracts a large part of tourists, especially sea lovers, scuba diving and other water sports, and it is abundant with coral reefs, as it is located in the island of Sinqanib, which is the only island in the Red Sea where the circle of coral reefs "Atoll" and the bus is complete. Aquatic life.
Jebel Marra: - Volcanic lake above the crater of Jebel Marra Jebel Marra is considered a tourist attraction in the Darfur region, and it is characterized by the diversity of its plants and wildlife in it, in addition to the presence of a volcanic crater on top of it with two lakes. The reserve is considered to be one of the largest breeding grounds for endemic birds in Sudan and for migratory birds, especially geese, ducks, bustards and storks. It has sulfur water and areas suitable for photography enthusiasts, adventurers and rugged nature.
Al-Sablouqa Waterfall: - The waterfall of Al-Sablouqa, located in the River Nile State, is a destination for Arab and foreign tourists due to the nature of the mountainous region and is about 80 km from the capital, Khartoum. Dender fold: -
Barns and natural reserves: -
In Sudan there are several natural reserves in which wild and plant life and climates are varied and constitute a destination for researchers, tourists and those interested in wildlife, where many types of wild animals, birds, and insects are inhabited, in addition to various types of plants, including trees, shrubs, and weeds. Sudan and the Radom Nature Reserve
In south-western Darfur, Ampara forest in Gezira state, and Acacia forest in Khartoum state.
Deer are endemic to Sudan
The Dinder Barn includes a large group of wild animals and birds. It was declared a National Reserve in the beginning of 1935, with an estimated area of 3,500 square miles. The reserve is 300 miles from Khartoum (the capital), and the visitor can reach it by road. The journey by car takes eight hours to Al-Qwaisi station, and then the journey to the reserve continues for a period not exceeding four hours .
The period from January to April is considered one of the best times to visit the reserve with its unique location, as it is covered by plains rich in grass, plants and bush, along with a pond, numerous lake and junction of rivers, which creates a suitable climate for animal reproduction, and provides an opportunity for tourists to discover the richness of virgin nature And its beauty.
Among the most important animals that are found in the reserve: African buffalo, rhinoceros, elephants, elk, reeds, pampas, elk, water, (cactor), crocodiles, giraffes, tilts, lions, lions, hyenas, halouf, Abu Shouk (hedgehog), cat Abu feather, beasts and deer And other small animals. There are other animals in Sudan, including African tigers, hippopotamus, Nubian ibex, foxes, and zebras.
Where the two niles meet: - Al-Muqrin is the area where the Blue Nile and the White Nile meet in Khartoum in a wonderful natural scene, where one notices how the dark blue muddy waters of the Nile go alongside the clear white Nile water, then they mix with each other and accompany one river with light blue water.
Museums: - There are several museums in Sudan, most of which are concentrated in the triangular capital, the most important of which are:
Kings of Nubia in the Kingdom of Kush
The National Museum of Sudan: It is the largest museum in Sudan and is located in Khartoum on the Nile Street. Its current building was opened in 1971, and it contains archaeological holdings from all parts of Sudan, extending its history to prehistoric times, and until the period of the Nubian kingdoms and Fung such as sculptures and utensils, and decorations Wall pictures and weapons, as well as numerous columns of temples, burial sites, memorials, and statues.
Natural History Museum: It is located on University Street in Khartoum and is one of the oldest museums in Sudan where it was opened in 1929, it contains many rare and stuffed animals from reptiles, birds, livestock and insects and has scientific and tourism objectives.
The House of the Caliph Museum: It is located in the city of Omdurman, and it is one of the important museums in Sudan and the oldest. It was previously the residence of Caliph Abdullah Al-Taishi, the building was built in 1887 AD, and it turned into a museum in 1928 AD, where it displays many of the possessions of the Mahdi Revolution Examples of weapons, furniture, fashion, vehicles, and more.
Military Museum: This museum is located inside the buildings of the leadership of the Sudanese Armed Forces in Khartoum and is open to the public. It displays several types of weapons and military holdings, pictures of military leaders, and notes of veterans during the various historical periods that Sudan has gone through.
Palace Museum: It is located within the buildings of the Republican Palace in Khartoum on University Street, in a building that was originally a church built in the style of Byzantine architecture. The museum included oil paintings and photographs of pre-independence rulers and presidents of Sudan, decorations, medallions, furniture, utensils, musical instruments, and gifts received by presidents and rulers. The museum has a stand for old presidential cars since the dual rule.
Shikan Museum in Al-Ubayyid and contains items dating back to the Mahdist period
Sultan Ali Dinar Museum in El Fasher
The Karma Civilization Museum, which opened in 2008 to include the monuments that were discovered in the Karma region
Mohamed Nour Haddab Museum: It is located in the southwest of Suakin, and it is a private museum in which its founder's holdings of tools, weapons and clothes related to the history of the region are displayed. The Meroe Pyramids: - Meroe, or Meroe, is the ancient name for the city that contains the Nubian pyramids in the Shendi Governorate in the Sudan River Nile State, about 200 km from Khartoum and was the capital of the Kushite kingdom and contains the Nubian pyramids. Pyramids erected by the Kushite rulers in (Sudan) in 300 BC. Nubia became famous for the abundance of pyramids, as the Nubians believed that their kings were living gods, and when they and their queens died, they would have to be buried in great tombs. The biggest buildings pyramids as kings of the ancient Egyptians. That is why there are many more pyramids than there are currently in Egypt. The largest of the Nubian pyramids are its narrators, Nuri, and the Korean in Sudan.
Sawakin (city): - Suakin is located in eastern Sudan, on the western coast of the Red Sea. It was originally the island of Suakin, then expanded to the coast and its surroundings, and it became the city of Suakin, which includes the island and the coast. It derives its name from several legendary stories dating back to the reign of King Solomon and Balqis, Queen of Sheba, where they mention King Solomon, in which the jinn was imprisoned, so they distorted the name to Swakin. As for the Beja, it is (Osuk), meaning the market.
The shores of the Red Sea: - The Red Sea is characterized by the purity and transparency of its water, which is the most attractive natural area in Sudan and currently attracts a large part of the tourists who come to the country, especially sea lovers, underwater diving and other water sports, and it has an excellent reputation on the world level, as it is considered one of the purest seas in the world and traces of it did not extend to it Pollution abounds with coral reefs as it contains the island of Sinqnib, which is the only island that is completely round and abundant in aquatic life.
Jebel Marra: - Jebel Marra is the most attractive tourist attraction in the Darfur region, with a height of 10 thousand feet above the sea level and the Mediterranean climate dominates and has a great plant diversity. The region has a Qaloul region with dense forests and permanent waterfalls alongside an improvised area and also has an attractive waterfall and abundant types of monkeys and wild animals The other and the high Sony region, which has a long break, in addition to a tax area, which represents the volcanic crater of the mountain, and there are two lakes in the region, the national park of Radom, and is characterized by the abundance of wild animals and birds in it, as the tourist movement did not touch it extensively, as there is The Lake Canada region, which represents one of the largest populations of breeding endemic and migratory birds in Sudan and there is a lot of geese, ducks, and Houbara, and many types of storks and there is the Valley of Hoor, which is abundant with many types of wild animals beside the ancient ruins and has sulfur water in Ain Farah as well as areas of Wadi Azum which It is suitable for photography enthusiasts, adventure enthusiasts and rugged nature. Investment opportunities are to increase the housing capacity, qualify and modernize the tourist villages in Jabal Marra, and establish a permanent tourist camp in Al-Radom and establish a sports center in Jabal Marra to practice mountain climbing in addition to establishing hotels Wagih in sulfurous water areas, as well as the establishment of a tourist center on Lake Canadian amateur bird hunting to be at the same time a center for students and those who follow the movement of migratory birds as well as the establishment and rehabilitation of important animal parks, parks and recreational projects
Al-Sablouqa Waterfall: - Al-Sablouqa Waterfall (Nile River State) is considered a destination for Arab and foreign tourists and others due to the nature of the mountainous region, narrow flow and water flow, as it provides skiing, swimming and Nile cruises. Besides, the state includes many wildlife races, such as birds and various animals, and is intended for tourists and visitors. It is about 80 km from the capital, Khartoum.
Dinder Reserve: - The Dinder Reserve was established in 1935, about 680 km from Khartoum, and an area of 10 thousand square km. Conservation experts consider it one of the eighteen most beautiful reserves of Sudan, which are areas that were established for the protection of animals in full protection and no human activities are allowed except for tourism and recreational purposes. And educational, in the large area of Dinder and its location that reaches up to the Ethiopian plateau, there are multiple environments, which made it fertile biological diversity and the two rivers, Al-Rahad and Al-Dinder, which were called the reserve, are two seasons in the period from July to November and during their crossing They can be seen in some ponds, which constitutes a wonderful sight. The period from January to April is considered one of the best periods to visit the reserve, which has a unique location, as it is covered by plains with grass, plants, bushes and lakes, and tourists can reach it by road with the cars provided by the company that depart from Khartoum The journey takes eight hours to Al-Quwaisi station, and then continuing the journey to the reserve for a period not exceeding four hours. As for the animals that you can see there, they live on their own without iron fences “except what surrounds the tourist himself!” Among the large mammals you find lions and wild buffalo. Hyenas, wolves, deer, giraffes, deer deer, colored deer, rhinoceros, small monkeys (“beasts”), hedgehogs, and wild boars. It also has more than 90 species of birds that spread over water bodies, which are squid, mighty, and rho, which are the local names for birds that come in the winter season fleeing the frosts of Sweden and Europe to warm In the African sun, as is the valley chicken - dotted black with white dots, woodpeckers, white pelicans, Abu Maran, geranium, ostrich, etc. As with dander there are 32 types of fish
National Museum of Sudan: - The National Museum of Sudan contains archaeological holdings from different parts of Sudan, extending its history to prehistoric times, and even the period of the Nubian kingdoms. The museum's internal halls include many stone, leather, bronze, gold, iron, and wood objects, among others, in the form of sculptures, vessels, and decorative tools. Wall pictures, weapons, and more. As for the museum's courtyard and garden, it is an open museum, which includes many temples, burial sites, memorials, and statues of various sizes, which had been rescued before the waters of the High Dam flooded its areas of existence and were re-installed around a water basin representing the Nile, so that it appears as if it is in its location The original, the most important of which are the temples (obesity east) and (obesity west) and Bohin, and also includes the tomb of the prince (Hajo to Hatep) and columns of the cathedral of Faras.
Natural History Museum :- This museum is located on University Street and contains most of the stuffed and live animals. It has goals including scientific and tourism aspects and defining what is available in Sudan of reptiles, birds, livestock and insects. The University of Khartoum represented by its professors and students interested in playing an important role in the continuity of this museum. It also reflects a large group of animals found in Sudan, of birds of all shapes and types, such as the Hawk of the Jedian located at the entrance to the museum because it represents the emblem of Sudan.
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